Safeguarding

KCSIE 2022: Legislation and Guidance

The full guidance comes into effect on the 1st of September 2022, all updates listed here are subject to change before then.

On 1st September 2022, a new version of the statutory guidance ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ will come into effect. This guidance applies to all schools and colleges in England and is for headteachers, teaching staff, governing bodies, proprietors, and management committees. The guidance sets out the legal duties an establishment must follow to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people under the age of 18 in schools and colleges.

The updates to the guidance can be separated into 5 parts

  1. Safeguarding Information for ALL Staff
  2. The Management of Safeguarding
  3. Safer Recruitment
  4. Allegations and Safeguarding Concerns made against Staff and Contractors
  5. Child-on-Child Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment

Plus, changes to the Annexes .

This is a summary of the guidance. You can read the full guidance HERE.

Part 1

Safeguarding Information for ALL Staff

Disclosure

Staff are reminded that children are not always ready or able to talk about their experiences of abuse and/or may not always recognise that they are being abused. 

Domestic Abuse

New information has been added to explain the impact of domestic abuse including the potential short-term and long-term detrimental impact on children’s health, wellbeing, and ability to learn if they are experiencing domestic abuse at home or within their own intimate relationships.

Domestic abuse can encompass a wide range of behaviours and may be a single incident or a pattern of incidents. That abuse can be but is not limited to, psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional. Children can be victims of domestic abuse. They may see, hear, or experience the effects of abuse at home and/or suffer domestic abuse in their own intimate relationships (teenage relationship abuse). All of these can have a detrimental and long-term impact on their health, well-being, development, and learning ability.

Peer-on-Peer Changed to Child-on-Child

All staff should be aware that children may not feel ready or know how to tell someone that they are being abused, exploited, or neglected, and/or they may not recognise their experiences as harmful.

For example, children may feel embarrassed, humiliated, or threatened. This could be due to their vulnerability, disability and/or sexual orientation or language barriers. This should not prevent staff from having a professional curiosity and speaking to the DSL if they have concerns about a child. Staff must also determine how best to build trusted relationships with children and young people to facilitate communication. 

Part 2

The Management of Safeguarding

Supporting the DSL

The importance that governors and proprietors properly support the DSL role has been given prominence by adding it to the main body of the guidance and includes an expectation that they should read the full DSL job description in Annex C.  

 

Safeguarding Training

There is a new requirement for governors and trustees to receive safeguarding training at the point of induction to ensure their understanding of their important strategic role, as well as their legislative responsibilities, and those set out by their local multi-agency safeguarding arrangements, and that this is regularly updated.

Online Safety  

In relation to online safety, there is an expectation that the governors hold this as a central theme in their whole setting approach to safeguarding.  

Effective Safeguarding Curriculum

A focus on preventative education has been added, with a new paragraph about the importance of the setting’s role in delivering an effective safeguarding curriculum. 

LGBTQ+ Children and Young People

There is a greater emphasis on risks for LGBTQ+ children and/or those that are perceived to be. Staff are reminded that LGBTQ+ inclusion is part of the statutory relationships education/relationships and sex education curriculum. 

Part 3

Safer Recruitment

Curriculum Vitae and Full Application Forms 

Regarding safer recruitment, the guidance clarifies that a curriculum vitae (CV) should only be accepted alongside a full application form. CVs on their own will not contain all the information required to support safer recruitment.  

Online Searches during the Recruitment Process  

The guidance now states that education settings should consider conducting online searches as part of their due diligence during the recruitment process. The stated aim of this is that it “may help identify any incidents or issues that have happened, and are publicly available online, which the school or college might want to explore with the applicant at the interview.  

Part 4

Allegations and Safeguarding Concerns made against staff and contractors

Lessons Learned from all Allegations 

Learning from all allegations against staff investigations should be incorporated by schools and colleges, not just from those that are concluded and substantiated.  

Low-Level Concerns

The guidance now makes clear that schools and colleges can choose to whom low-level concerns about staff are reported to, so long as it is clear in their policies. All staff should be aware of how to handle low-level concerns, allegations against staff and whistleblowing, with KCSIE 2022 being clear that this information should be contained in the staff behaviour policy (also known as the code of conduct)  

Part 5

Child-on-Child sexual violence and sexual harassment

DfE Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Guidance  

On our initial reading, whilst not explicitly stated, it appears that the DfE Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment guidance has been incorporated into KCSIE 2022, and therefore will be withdrawn in September 2022. It is helpful that the information is all in one place, and therefore easier for staff to access, although it does mean that there has been a substantial increase to the length of the KCSIE guidance.  This also means that what was non-statutory guidance becomes statutory.  

Child-on-Child Abuse 

Terminology throughout KCSIE 2022 has changed from peer-on-peer abuse to child-on-child abuse. This is a welcome change as the term peer-on-peer abuse suggests the abuse is between children of a similar age which is not always the case.  

Preventative Education 

Senior leaders are reminded of the crucial part education settings play in preventative education within the context of a whole-school or college approach that creates a culture that does not tolerate any form of prejudice or discrimination, including sexism and misogyny/misandry.

The expectation is that schools/colleges’ values and standards in this area will be underpinned by their behaviour policy, pastoral support system, as well as a planned programme of evidence-based RSHE. The guidance spells out key areas to be included in the latter  

Annex B & C

Further Information & Role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead

Annexe B

In annexe B there is increased emphasis on staff being able to identify the indicators of serious youth violence including reducing attendance, changes in friendship groups and performance concerns.  Education settings are encouraged to reach out to their local violence reduction unit.  

Annexe C

A key change is in Annexe C, where a statement has been added which requires the DSL to be aware of the role of the appropriate adult.  The role of the DSL has been moved entirely into Annexe C to provide clarity and reinforce the responsibility of the role. It is expected that Governors read this in full. The guidance also states that sole proprietors cannot be the DSL in their setting.  

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KCSIE Resources

KCSIE 2022 Safeguarding Lead Handbook

KCSIE 2022 Safeguarding Lead Handbook

Keeping Children Safe in Education (KCSIE) has updated its guidance, which comes into effect on September 1st, 2022. We invite all involved in safeguarding to download our KCSIE 2022 DSL handbook, which compiles all the new changes and updates you need, along with details of the solutions we offer that can help you to create a total safeguarding culture within your establishment.

Download DSL Handbook
KCSIE 2022 Governor Handbook

KCSIE 2022 Governor Handbook

Keeping Children Safe in Education (KCSIE) has updated its guidance, which comes into effect on September 1st, 2022. We invite all Governors to download our KCSIE 2022 Governor handbook, which compiles all the new changes and updates you need, along with details of the solutions we offer that can help you to create a total safeguarding culture within your establishment.

Download Governor Handbook
KCSIE Part 4: Allegations against Staff Leaflet

KCSIE Part 4: Allegations against Staff Leaflet

To help you and your colleagues to digest the 2022 Part 4 KCSIE guidance on low-level concerns and allegations against staff, we have compiled the updates and changes into this useful leaflet that can be put in your staff room or circulated to staff members.

Download Leaflet
Your Free KCSIE 2022 Staff Poster

Your Free KCSIE 2022 Staff Poster

Part 1 of the Keeping Children Safe in Education (KCSIE) guidance must be read and understood by all members of staff, governors, or volunteers. To help we have compiled all the new changes and updates you need into a handy poster that can be put in your staff room, to help your colleagues digest the new guidance and for future reference.

Download Staff Poster
KCSIE 2022 Online Safety Poster

KCSIE 2022 Online Safety Poster

Part 2: The Management of Safeguarding states that it is essential that children are safeguarded from potentially harmful and inappropriate online material. Education establishments need an effective whole school approach to online safety which protects and educates students and staff in their use of technology and establishes mechanisms to identify, intervene in, and escalate any concerns where appropriate.

Download Poster